|Thomas Clease built Churches Mansion for a merchant
Church in 1577. It is of a typical late medieval plan with two cross
flanking a central hall. This beautiful mansion was built as a symbol
their wealth. On the front of the house this inscription can be seen:
'Richard Churche and Margery Churche
his wife Mai IIII Thomas Clease made
this worke, anno dni MCCCCCLXXVII
in the XVIIII yere of the reane of our
noble queene elizabeth'
|Churches Mansion is of a box frame construction. This
is where a rectangular
frame of sill, posts and wall plate are erected on a stone plinth and
by mortise and tenon joints. One frame made each of the two sidewalls
a bay and one made each of the gable ends. Studding (vertical members)
were installed in-between the main posts. In parts angle braces have
added to provide rigidity and decoration.
||To make the structure waterproof the openings were
filled with infill
panels. The panels were made from wattle and daub. To begin with,
oversized staves were inserted about 13 to 15cm apart into the rails by
springing them into slots. Lengths of hazel and ash were then
in and out of the staves to form the wattle. With this done a mixture
wet clay, straw, cow hair or cow-dung (daub) was slapped against both
of the wattle to get the desired thickness. A thin coat of plaster was
then applied and was lime-washed or washed with ochre. The timbers were
painted black when it became universally fashionable in the 19th
|Jettying has also been used. This is where the joists
of the first
floor have been extended outside and beyond the external wall. This
in a much larger first floor. The weight of the overhanging wall
the internal floor load on the joists, which helps to carry the load.
became extremely popular and could demonstrate to others that it was a
|The ornamental panelling on the east gable is very
similar to Thomas
Churche's High Street house. Unfortunately all the windows are
except the window to the lower right of the porch. The carved brackets
have figures depicting a lion (symbolic of Christ), a salamander
by fire), an ape and a devil.
room on the far left served as a buttery. Here mortice slots on the
posts and beam to the left and right of the fireplace, were used to
the stabilising braces while the structure was being erected.
marks can be seen along with the diagonal dragon beam that supports the
kitchen a large inglenook fireplace still survives, on which the
grooves for the spit and kettle are plainly visible. Men would sit in
inglenook to smoke their pipes.
hall contains an original piece of daily household furniture, - Richard
Courts cupboard. He and his wife's initials (R.C. and M.C.) are inlaid
at the top along with an Elizabethan crest on the top of the doors. The
heads of Richard and Margery can also be seen.
Long Withdrawing Room
must be the finest room in Churches Mansion. There is panelling above
the fireplace consisting of Ionic columns and blind arches in Classical
room on the left is a ceiling made from a mixture of lime, sand,
straw, clay, blood, mutton fat, and dung. This mixture was used instead
of the more expensive plaster. Opposite this chamber is Margery's
Above the hearth are Margery's initials in a woven love knot with a
Attic provided accommodation for the families numerous servants.
Mansion is now the home of Adams Antiques,
formerly in Welsh Row, Nantwich.
guide to Nantwich